A Chronology of the End
First let me establish the fact that no one knows the day or hour of Christ’s return at the rapture. This is a doctrine and truth that the Lord Himself gave us:
But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only. But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark. And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left. Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.
It is a fact that no one knows when the rapture will occur and the Day of the Lord will begin. But there are scriptural truths that allow us to assign chronological parameters for when the Day of the Lord may begin.
For instance, as already discussed, we know of several signs that will be given to us to let us know that His return at the rapture is imminent:
1. The great falling away.
2. The revealing of the antichrist and Abomination of Desolation.
3. The moon being turned to blood.
4. The sun being darkened.
5. The return of the prophet Elijah .
All of the events listed above precede the rapture, and will be signs to all who heed them that the time of Christ’s return to the clouds at the rapture is near. This is especially true of the sixth seal, which contains signs immediately preceding the rapture, where the sun is darkened and the moon is turned to blood. When we see these signs, we know that the time is very near, even though we do not know exactly when it will occur. It is possible that the rapture could occur within hours, minutes, or even seconds after the moon is turned to blood and the sun is darkened. We also know that the rapture will occur sometime between the midpoint of the last 7 years—when the antichrist will take over the world and the great tribulation begins—and Armageddon.
Other than these, are there any other scriptural truths that would allow us to further narrow down the time frame of the rapture? Yes I believe there is, and to help us answer that question, we first need to consider date parameters concerning the 69 weeks, 2 days, and the 70th week. We will discuss the 69 weeks first. An examination of the chronology of the sixty-nine weeks will show us how precisely God’s prophetic timing works. God told Daniel about the sixty-nine and seventieth weeks in a vision. That vision tells us that there will be seventy weeks of time from the decree to rebuild Jerusalem to when the most Holy is anointed.
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. (Dan 9:24-26)
Sixty-nine of the seventy weeks in that vision have already transpired. The passage says that the sixty-nine weeks would run from the decree to rebuild Jerusalem, including the wall and street, to “Messiah the prince.” The decree to rebuild Jerusalem was recorded in Neh. 2:1-6:
And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, that wine was before him: and I took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. Now I had not been beforetime sad in his presence. Wherefore the king said unto me, Why is thy countenance sad, seeing thou art not sick? this is nothing else but sorrow of heart. Then I was very sore afraid, And said unto the king, Let the king live for ever: why should not my countenance be sad, when the city, the place of my fathers’ sepulchres, lieth waste, and the gates thereof are consumed with fire? Then the king said unto me, For what dost thou make request? So I prayed to the God of heaven. And I said unto the king, If it please the king, and if thy servant have found favour in thy sight, that thou wouldest send me unto Judah, unto the city of my fathers’ sepulchres, that I may build it. And the king said unto me, (the queen also sitting by him,) For how long shall thy journey be? and when wilt thou return? So it pleased the king to send me; and I set him a time.
We see here that the decree was issued in the month Nisan of the twentieth year of Artaxerxes. When did that occur? Over the years, many have debated the dating of the decree. There are several methods for dating the reigning years of kings. The most widely accepted year for the twentieth year of Artaxerxes and this decree is 444 B.C. Hoehner explains all of the various dating methods and how this date is arrived at in his work, Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ:
In conclusion, the report to Nehemiah (1:1) occurred in Chislev (November/December) of 445 B.C. and the decree of Artaxerxes (2:1) occurred in Nisan (March/April) of 444 B.C. Therefore, Nisan 444 B.C. marks the terminus a quo of the seventy weeks of Daniel 9:24-27.
Nehemiah does not specify the exact day of the month of the decree. However, in Hebrew narratives, when a date is given citing just a month, it is assumed that it is the first day of the month. In addition, it was traditional for Persian kings to issue decrees on the first day of the New Year. The Persian New Year started on Nisan 1. Thus having established that the decree to rebuild Jerusalem most likely went forth on Nisan 1, 444 B.C., which is March 3, 444 B.C. (Gregorian), we can add sixty-nine weeks to that date and see what date we come to.
A “week” in this passage is referring to a period of seven years. Thus, we can calculate the following: 69 x 7 = 483 years. But we cannot just add 483 years to March 3, 444 B.C. because all years in the Bible coincide with a year length of 360 days, not the approximately 365.25 days that we now experience and on which our calendar is based. The Biblical 360-day year length is evidenced in the Genesis flood account, where the waters covered the earth for 150 days, which was equated to five months, (5 x 30 = 150), and also in Revelation where the antichrist is given authority to rule for 3.5 years, which is equated to 1,260 days (3.5 x 360 = 1260). It is theorized that the earth, as confirmed in Genesis, was originally on a 360-day rotation pattern. Many cultures indicate that, around 800 B.C., some great astronomical phenomena occurred to change the rotation from a 360-day rotation to our current approx. 365.25-day rotation. Therefore, to apply Biblical chronological information to our calendar system, we must convert any 360-day years to 365.25-day years.
Here is the calculation for the 69 weeks;
69 weeks x 7 years = 483 years x 360 days = 173880 days divided by 365 = 476 years 140 days – 119 days (for leap years) + 4 days (for leap centuries) = 476 years 25 days.
Thus, if we start with the decree to rebuild Jerusalem issued by Artaxerxes on March 3, 444 B.C. (Gregorian) and add 476 years and 25 days (69 weeks) you come to March 27, 33 A.D. (Gregorian). [Note: From this point forward, and as previously denoted, all dates will be given in Gregorian even though they will not be annotated as such. Also, in Hebrew reckoning, part of a day is counted as a whole day. Therefore, in our calculation, 3/3/444 B.C. was day one. This principle of inclusive reckoning will also be applied to all date calculations here in.]
So the 69 weeks ended on March 27, 33 A.D. What happened on March 27, 33 A.D.? That was Palm Sunday when Jesus Christ presented Himself as the Messiah and King of the Jews to the Jewish people and to the world. That fulfilled prophecy speaks significantly of the validity of the fact that Jesus was the Messiah, and that the Bible truly is God’s Word. That day in the Hebrew calendar was 9 Nisan. The next day was 10 Nisan, when Jesus cleansed the temple and had His confrontation with the religious leaders. That day is also when the leadership decided to kill Jesus, as found in Mark 11:18: “And the scribes and chief priests heard it, and sought how they might destroy him: for they feared him, because all the people was astonished at his doctrine.” Tradition tells us that Nisan 10 is also the day when the Jews would select the Passover lamb that would eventually be slaughtered between 3 PM and 5 PM on the afternoon before the start of Passover, which always occurred on Nisan 14. It just so happens that is exactly the date and time that Jesus died, about 3 PM. on Nisan 14, the afternoon before Passover in 33 AD.
After the crucifixion on Nisan 14, 33 A.D. (Friday April 1, 33 A.D.) Jesus stayed in the tomb until early Sunday morning when He rose from the dead. “Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils” (Mark 16:9). During the time Jesus was in the tomb, He fulfilled the Feast of Unleavened Bread in that His sinless body did not decay. Jesus rose from the dead on 16 Nisan (April 3, 33 A.D.) the exact day of the Feast of First Fruits. Paul alludes to this fact in his statement: “But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept” (1 Cor. 15:20). The next feast fulfilled was the Feast of Weeks, better known as Pentecost. This feast occurred on Sunday, 6 Sivan (May 22, 33 A.D.), which was 50 days after the Feast of First Fruits. This feast was fulfilled with the pouring out of the Holy Spirit, which was accompanied with signs and wonders. Many contend that the historical church period began at Pentecost, and I agree with their assessment. Pentecost was the birthday of the Church. The exact alignment of these events show how precisely God controls prophetic events and how He aligned major prophetic events with the Spring feasts.
In summary; the seventy weeks of Daniel started with the issuing of the decree of Artaxerxes on March 3, 444 B.C. and ended sixty-nine weeks or 476 years and 25 days later on March 27, 33 A.D. at the triumphal entry. There was then a gap of 57 days in which all four spring feasts were fulfilled, the last of which was Pentecost, which occurred on May 22, 33 A.D.—the start of the historical church period. I believe that the reason for the 57-day gap was likely to align the start of the historical church period with the Feast of Pentecost and to fulfill the four spring feasts outside of the sixty-nine weeks. Thus, it readily stands to reason that sixty-nine weeks have transpired for Israel and only one week is left, the 70th Week. But as we all know, the 70th Week, which is detailed in Revelation, as of the writing of this book, has not yet begun. Between the sixty-ninth and the 70th Week is the time that Israel has been rejected and is being disciplined by God.
The time in which Israel has been disciplined and rejected by God is the “two days.” Hosea 6:1–2 tells us about the two days.
Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. (italics mine)
This passage tells us that God has disciplined and rejected Israel for two days because of their sin. After the two days, God will revive Israel; and in the third day, He will raise them up, meaning that Israel will be made alive—that is, they will be saved. When did God “officially” reject Israel? Many believe that this began at the birth of the church, which occurred at Pentecost. Some say it occurred at the ripping of the veil. Others say it occurred at the destruction of the temple in 70 AD. Out of all of these, I believe the most probable is Pentecost. Thus, if we assume that Israel was rejected at Pentecost, the birthday of the church, the two days that Israel has been rejected would have started then. This period of time can also be referred to as the historical church period.
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea. (Isaiah 11:11)
Isaiah 11 is talking about the Millennial Kingdom. Another reference is found in Eze. 39:22-29, where God through the prophet Ezekiel tells the nation of Israel that they will recognize Him as Messiah and be restored to the Lord after the Battle of Armageddon, which occurs at the seventh vial judgment at the end of the 70th Week:
So the house of Israel shall know that I am the Lord their God from that day and forward. And the heathen shall know that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity: because they trespassed against me, therefore hid I my face from them, and gave them into the hand of their enemies: so fell they all by the sword…When I have brought them again from the people, and gathered them out of their enemies’ lands, and am sanctified in them in the sight of many nations; Then shall they know that I am the Lord their God, which caused them to be led into captivity among the heathen: but I have gathered them unto their own land, and have left none of them any more there. Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord God.
Scripture is clear, God will raise up Israel in the third day/Millennium and they will “live again.” The Millennial Reign lasts for 1000 years. Thus, the third day equals 1000 years.
Thus if the third day is 1000 years then the two days must be 2000 years. This conclusion is confirmed 2 Peter 3:8. “But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. Thus, scripture confirms the conclusion that a prophetic “day” in these verses is referring to 1000 years. Therefore, we can assume that the prophetic two days mentioned in Hosea 6 is referring to 2000 years and that the restoration of Israel would take place sometime after the two days or 2000 years is over. If we calculate 2000 Hebrew years from the beginning of the two days, which began at Pentecost on May 22, 33 A.D., we can determine when the two days ends. First we must again convert 2000 Jewish years of 360 days to our now current calendar of 365 1/2 years. Here is the calculation:
2000 x 360 = 720,000 days divided by 365 = 1972 years 220 days = 1971 years 585 days – 493 days (for leap years) + 15 days (for leap centuries) = 1971 years 107 days.
If you count that much time from Pentecost on May 22, 33 A.D., you come to September 5, 2004. This is the end of the two days of Hosea 6:1,2. See the chart entitled “The 70 Weeks of Daniel and the Two Days” for a pictorial representation of this data.
Before I proceed any farther let me say that from this point on I will present a hypothesis concerning the possible sequence and timing of events past September 5, 2004. The hypothesis will be a conjecture based on biblical scriptures, principles, and sound logic. I am in no way saying that it will happen exactly as my hypothesis will state, only that it may.
What will happen after the end of the two days? Hosea 6:2 says “After two days he will revive us.” What does that mean? I believe that it means that sometime after the “two days” are over, Israel will be revived, meaning that their last week, the 70th Week will begin, which will culminate in a restored and revived Israel. Will the last week begin immediately after the two days is over? No, that date has come and gone and the 70th Week did not begin. So when will it begin? We know the 70th Week is seven years long. According to Dan 9:27, which we have already discussed, the peace treaty will also last for seven years:
And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. (Dan 9:27)
Thus since we know that the 70th Week is seven years long, we can assume that the peace treaty will be signed seven years before the end of the 70th Week or, in other words, at the beginning of the 70th Week of Daniel. The peace treaty will be the event to start the 70th Week. Is there any event that would align with the end of the 70th Week? Assuming that end-times prophetic events connected with the Second Coming will occur in alignment with the fall feasts—just as the spring feasts were fulfilled in alignment with events associated with the First Coming of Christ—we would expect to see the fulfillment one of the fall feasts. In examining the feasts I believe that the fall feast that would most likely align with the return of Christ at Armageddon, and the end of the 70th Week is the feast of Trumpets.
Why align the end of the 70th Week at the Feast of Trumpets? Look at what Dan. 9:24 says:
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. (Dan 9:24)
This verse indicates what events must be completed within the 70th Week. The verse says that the transgression must be finished, an end of sins must come about, and reconciliation for iniquity must take place. This happens when satan, the antichrist, the false prophet, and the evil armies of the world are defeated at the Battle of Armageddon and the enemies of God are vanquished. The verse also says that everlasting righteousness must be brought in and Christ will be anointed as King over the world. This will occur on the last day of the Feast of Trumpets when Christ ascends His throne. Armageddon will then have to occur on the first day of the Feast of Trumpets. Thus the verse indicates that the 70th Week will end at this feast. I do concede that this verse can also be interpreted to require that the beginning of the Millennium would also be included in the 70th Week, but that is unlikely.
Other reasons why I believe we should align the Feast of Trumpets with the end of the 70th Week is because the first four feasts were fulfilled after the sixty-nine weeks were over, and thus if that principle can be applied here, we can also assume that the last three will be fulfilled after the 70th Week is over. And yet another reason involves the prophetic implications of the last three feasts.
The Importance of the Feasts
To help us establish a chronology of the 70 weeks we need take a more in depth look at the feasts of the Lord and their prophetic significance and implications. The meaning of the word feast alludes to their significance.
The Hebrew word translated ‘feasts’ means appointed times. The idea is that the sequence and timing of each of these feasts have been carefully orchestrated by God himself. Each is part of a comprehensive whole. Collectively, they tell a story. These feasts are also called ‘holy convocations’; that is they are intended to be times of meeting between God and man for ‘holy purposes.’
God instituted seven yearly feasts for the Israelites to observe. There were four spring feasts and three fall feasts. The feasts, in calendar order with their associated Hebrew dates, are:
1. The Feast of Passover—14 Nisan
2. The Feast of Unleavened Bread. 15 – 21—Nisan
3. The Feast of First Fruits—16 Nisan
4. The Feast of Weeks—50 days after first fruits.
5. The Feast of Trumpets—1 Tishri
6. The Day of Atonement—10 Tishri
7. The Feast of Tabernacles—15 – 21 Tishri
Not only are these feasts significant from a relationship standpoint between God and man, but they also have prophetic implications:
These seven feasts typify the sequence, timing, and significance of the major events of the Lord’s redemptive career. They commence at Calvary where Jesus voluntarily gave Himself for the sins of the world (Passover), and climax at the establishment of the messianic Kingdom at the Messiah’s Second Coming...
Let’s expound upon this thought and see exactly how each feast points to a prophetic event. Without going into too much detail, we will summarize the prophetic implication of each feast. For a more thorough understanding of the feasts of the Lord, I would recommend Kevin Howard and Marvin Rosenthal’s excellent book The Feasts of the Lord.
1. The Feast of Passover points to Christ as the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world, and was fulfilled when Christ died on the cross for our sins on Passover on Nisan 14, 33 A.D.
2. The Feast of Unleavened Bread shows that Christ’s sinless body would not undergo decay, and was fulfilled when Christ’s body did not decay while in the grave.
3. The Feast of First Fruits shows that Christ had power over death and was the first fruit of the resurrection and was fulfilled when Christ rose from the dead on the day of the feast of first fruits on Nisan 16, 33 A.D.
4. The Feast of Weeks alludes to the pouring out of the Holy Spirit upon the initiation of the historical church period and was fulfilled on Pentecost on Sivan 6, 33 A.D.
It is clearly evident that the first four feasts were fulfilled at the time of Christ’s first coming. These feasts were also fulfilled after the sixty-nine weeks concluded and before the historical church period began. The last three feasts have yet to be fulfilled. I believe that these three feasts will also be fulfilled after the 70th Week is complete, just as the first four were fulfilled after the sixty-nine weeks were complete.
The fifth feast, the Feast of Trumpets, or Rosh Hashanah, is practiced as a two-day feast and I believe it will start to be fulfilled at Christ’s coming to the clouds to receive His raptured church. This is the trump that is referred to at Christ’s coming to the clouds at the rapture.
And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. (Matt. 24:30–31)
The shofar blown on Rosh Hashanah is known as the last trump, which the apostle Paul mentioned in I Thes 4:16-17 and I Cor 15:52 in connection with the rapture.
For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
The blowing of the trumpet in ancient Israel had two primary functions. The first was to call a solemn assembly; that is, when the children of Israel were to be summoned to God’s presence, the trumpet was blown (Ex 19:13,17,19; Num 10:2). And second, when Israel, under divine direction, was to go to war, the trumpet was to be blown (Num 10:9; Jud 7; Jer. 4:19-21).
Kevin Howard has this to say about the judgment aspect of the Feast of Trumpets
Rosh Hashanah was often referred to as Yom Ha-Din (“Judgment Day”) by rabbis since it began the Days of Awe, the traditional time of God’s judgment.
The prophet Zechariah tells of the judgment that will transpire when the trumpet is blown: “And the Lord shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go forth as the lightning: and the Lord God shall blow the trumpet, and shall go with whirlwinds of the south” (Zech 9:14). The benediction given for the last 2,000 years during synagogue services on Rosh Hashanah also speaks of the trumpet being blown at Rosh Hashanah at the Lord’s return, as explained by Kevin Howard:
The benediction also speaks of the end of days when God will again reveal Himself through fire and the sounding of the shofar as He sends the Messiah: ‘The Lord shall appear over them; his arrow shall go forth like lightning. The Lord shall sound the shofar and march amid the storms of the south. (cf Zech 9:14)
Another interesting fact about the Feast of Trumpets that correlates it to the rapture is that, in the ancient observance of the feast, no one knew the exact start of the feast. It always started on the first day of the Jewish year, which is the first day of the month of Tishri, but no one knew the exact day when a Hebrew month started. The Hebrew months start by the sighting of the new moon, and it was the job of the Sanhedrin to announce the beginning of the month when the new moon was observed. Of course, one could calculate an approximate time by counting 29.5 days since the last new moon, but it did not officially start until the Sanhedrin observed the crescent moon, and then declared it so. This correlates beautifully with the truth that no one knows the exact time of Christ’s return. Some even feel that Christ’s own words, “No one knows the day or hour” is a direct reference to this feast for this reason. In Jewish tradition Rosh Hashanah is also known as Kiddushin/Nesu'in or the wedding ceremony of the Messiah.
Thus, the ancient observance and traditions concerning the Feast of Trumpets indicates that not only will the trumpet be blown at the beginning of the Day of the Lord signaling the rapture, but it will also be blown at the end of the Day of the Lord at Armageddon, and at the end of the 70th Week when Christ enters Jerusalem, takes His throne, and “call(s) a solemn assembly; that is, when the children of Israel were to be summoned to God’s presence” (Joel 2:15). Here is a quote that sums up several aspects of the prophetic significance of the Feast of Trumpets:
The Feast of Trumpets is celebrated by blowing trumpets (shofar) 100 times to announce the setting up of The LORD’s eternal court... This 2-day feast comes at a day and hour no man knows and you are not required to go up to the temple on this day… Will be the announcement of Yeshua’s Second Coming and the Resurrection of the Saints, (1 Thess 4:16,17). Will be the end of Jacob’s trouble, (Jer. 30:7).
It is the last trumpet of this feast when the resurrection will be complete. As mentioned above, the Feast of Trumpets also starts the time period known as the Days of Awe. The Days of Awe are a 10-day period between Rosh Hashanah and the Day of Atonement in which observant Jews are to engage in a solemn time of self-examination. Tradition holds that these days are the last chance to repent before God’s judgment is finalized. Prophetically, I believe these days will be fulfilled when Jesus comes to Jerusalem and takes His throne, blows the trumpet at the Feast of Trumpets, and calls a solemn assembly. At this time, Israel will assemble and offer sacrifices for seven days and be accepted on the eighth day, which will be the Day of Atonement. This is the time in which Israel will repent and officially recognize Christ as Messiah and be saved.
The Messiah will do battle against His enemies and, at the end of the seventieth week, break the yoke of the Gentile oppression from the neck of Israel (Ps 2:9; Isa 9:4). Then the messianic throne will be established, ‘And the Lord shall be King over all the earth’ (Zech 14:9; c.f. Ps 2:8). When the messiah comes to establish His throne, Israel will look on Him (Jesus) whom they pierced, and repent (Zech 12:10). The nation’s sin will be dealt with, and the Lord will remember their sin no more (Isa 43:25; Jer. 31:34). Isaiah prophesied that spiritually the nation would be born in a day (Isa 66:8; cf Rom. 11:26). This will be the prophetic fulfillment of Israel’s Day of Atonement as the nation comes face to face in repentance with their Messiah at the end of the seventieth week. (Dan 9:24)
God, through the Apostle Paul, confirms that Israel will not be saved until after the 70th Week is complete. That is when the “fullness of the Gentiles” will be over. He also tells us that, at this time, all of Israel will be saved:
For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins. (Rom. 11:25-27)
The final feast, the Feast of Tabernacles will be fulfilled when all the saved will participate in the Marriage Supper of the Lamb. The Feast of Tabernacles, which will run concurrently with the marriage supper, will last for seven days. The traditional Jewish wedding ceremony reflects the idea of a seven-day marriage feast. As Congregation Yeshuat Yisrael puts it: “The bride and groom enter the bridal chamber where the marriage is consummated. The party waits outside until the groom tells the best man that it is consummated. Then, the guests rejoice for seven days.”
O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good: because his mercy endureth for ever. Let Israel now say, that his mercy endureth for ever. Let the house of Aaron now say, that his mercy endureth for ever. Let them now that fear the Lord say, that his mercy endureth for ever. I called upon the Lord in distress: the Lord answered me, and set me in a large place. The Lord is on my side; I will not fear …. Thou art my God, and I will praise thee: thou art my God, I will exalt thee. O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever.
The first day of the Feast of Tabernacles after Christ returns to earth will also be the first day of the Millennium. This great Millennial Kingdom, as already discussed, will be 1,000 years of “heaven on earth” and will feature the Lord Jesus Christ as supreme ruler over all the earth.
Putting It All Together
The prophetic implications of these feasts are as follows:
5. The Feast of Trumpets is practiced as a two-day feast that alludes to the return of Christ during the event known as “The Day of the Lord” in which the righteous will be raptured and the wicked will be judged. This feast will start to be fulfilled at the beginning of the Day of the Lord when Christ comes to the clouds for His bride and will be totally fulfilled after God’s enemies will be vanquished at the battle of Armageddon and Jesus takes His throne in Jerusalem.
6. The Day of Atonement speaks of the shed blood of Christ and the substitutionary work it accomplishes in covering our sins and restoring us to fellowship with God. This feast will be fulfilled after Christ has returned and Israel and Gentiles who lived through the 70th Week repent and recognize Christ as Messiah and are saved on the Day of Atonement.
7. The Feast of Tabernacles is a seven-day celebration in which the Israelites dwell in “booths” or shacks. On its final day, Israel invokes God’s blessing for the coming year. This alludes to the Millennial Kingdom when Jesus and the saints will live together and we will experience His blessings to the fullest. This seven-day feast will be fulfilled at the start of the Millennium when the saints partake of the marriage supper of the Lamb.
In summary, I believe that the events associated with the fulfillment of the feasts will be as follows:
1. On the first day of Rosh Hashanah, at some unknown year after the abomination of desolation and the sixth seal has been opened, and before Armageddon the rapture will occur starting the Day of the Lord period.
2. On the first day of Rosh Hashanah at the end of the 70th Week Jesus will return to earth and defeat the armies gathered at Armageddon.
3. On the second day of Rosh Hashanah at the end of the 70th Week, Jesus comes from the battle of Armageddon and rescues Israel in Bozrah and stands on the Mount of Olives.
4. The Mount of Olives splits, the temple is built, and the water of life starts flowing.
5. Jesus takes His throne and blows the trumpet calling Israel to a solemn assembly.
6. Those martyred for the cause of Christ after the rapture will be resurrected.
7. The Bema Seat judgment takes place.
8. Sheep and goat judgment takes place.
9. Israel offers seven days of sacrifice and is accepted and saved on the eighth day, which is the Day of Atonement.
10. The Millennium starts on the first day of the Feast of Tabernacles and all the saved partake of the marriage supper of the Lamb for the seven days of the feast.
Estimating the Timeline
Our examination of the last three feasts of the Lord and their prophetic implications has allowed us to succinctly align the final fulfillment of the Feast of Trumpets with the end of the 70th Week of Daniel. Thus if our assumptions are correct, we can conclude that the peace treaty will be signed and the 70th Week of Daniel will begin seven years (2520 days) before this fall feast, which will be a date in the fall.
Are there any other date parameters that God gives us regarding the timing of events in the 70th Week? Yes, Daniel gives us three date parameters associated with the end times: 1260, 1290, and 1335 days.
And one said to the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders? And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished. (Dan 12:6,7)
And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days. (Dan 12:11,12)
These verses tell us that to the time when the power of the holy people will be destroyed there will be “time, times and a half” or 3½ years or 1260 days. They also tell us that from the abomination of desolation there will be 1290 and 1335 days. Let’s start with the 1335 days, for that is the easiest to affix. In regards to the 1335 days God tells us that a person will be considered blessed if they make it to day 1335 after the abomination of desolation. What is the blessed event that God is talking about here? Look at what Revelation 19:9 says “And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.” This verse gives us a key indicator that the blessed event on day 1335 is the marriage supper of the lamb. Thus we can align the end of the 1,335 days with the start of the Millennium on the first day of the Feast of Tabernacles for that is when the marriage supper of the lamb begins. Subtracting 1335 days from the Feast of tabernacles, which we said would be the prophetic fulfillment of the start of the Millennium on day 2535, we arrive at the Abomination of Desolation on day 1200 of the 70th Week. With the abomination of desolation fixed at day 1200 we can add 1290 days to it and that puts us at day 2490, 30 days before the end of the 70th Week. What will happen on this day? The verses proceeding the 1290 days indicate that it will be 1290 days from the abomination of desolation to the “end of these wonders.” What end are we talking about? Again let’s look to Revelation for this answer. In Revelation 7:10 God says “But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.” That verse affixes the end of the mystery of God that He declared to His prophets of old with the beginning of the sounding of the seventh angel with the seventh trumpet judgment. The seventh trumpet unleashes the bowl judgments. Thus we can affix the sounding of the seventh trumpet and start of the bowl judgments with day 1290 after the abomination of desolation or day 2490 of the 70th Week. The 1260 days in Daniel 12 regards he who scatters the holy people. This is in reference to the reign of the antichrist and his persecution of Jews and Christians. This fact is again confirmed in Revelation.
But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. (Rev 11:2)
And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days. (Rev 12:6)
And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent. (Rev 12:14)
Realizing that the antichrist is given 1260 days to reign and persecute, and knowing that his reign will end at Armageddon we can subtract 1260 days from 2520 days and end up with day 1260 as the start of the rule of the antichrist. Here is a chart summarizing this information.
The date calculations presented in this chapter are based on several assumptions. If any of these assumptions are not valid, then the preceding calculations would be different. For instance, what if for the 2 days, in which Israel has been rejected, God chose to increase the length of a year from 360 to 365.25 days. Then the two days would not end until 2033. Also, the end of the 70th Week could align with the beginning or end of one of the other feasts. If the end of the 70th Week aligns with the Day of Atonement, then the peace treaty would be signed nine days later than the dates for the possible dates for the peace treaty that have been listed. If the end of the 70th Week aligns with the beginning of the Feast of Booths, then the peace treaty would be signed 14 days later. If it aligns with the end of the Feast of Booths, then we would see the peace treaty signed 21 days later. It is also possible that the 70th Week ends at the beginning of the bowl judgments, then the peace treaty would be signed 30 days earlier. When we see the occurrence of the peace treaty we will then know for sure which assumptions are true and will be able to more definitely assign dates to the various end times events and be able to ascertain the time frame for the rapture.
 Harold Hoehner, “Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ” (Grand Rapids, MI 1977), p.128  Ibid. p.138.
 Let me show you how I calculated this for many do it wrong by not realizing that there is no year zero. 3/3/444 B.C. + 443 years = 3/3/1 B.C. + 1 year = 3/3/1 A.D. + 32 years, 25 days = 3/27/33 A.D. (443 years + 1 year + 32 years, 25 days = 476 years, 25 days.)
The chronology of the seventy weeks of Daniel pivots on the correct dating of Passover and the crucifixion. Many theories have been presented concerning the date of the crucifixion. I believe that the evidence clearly shows that Jesus was crucified on the Feast of Passover on Friday April 1st, 33 A.D. and He died at about 3 PM. A full discussion of the details associated with dating the crucifixion are addressed in the article entitled “The Date of the Crucifixion” at thecomingepiphany.com.
 Howard, K and Rosenthal, M. The Feasts of the Lord. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Inc. 1997.
 Ibid. p.14.
 Howard, Rosenthal. p.26
 Ibid. p.110
 Ibid. p. 111
 Searcy, Jim. Understanding the Feasts of the Lord.
 Ibid. p. 108
 Ibid. p.129
 Congregation Yeshuat Yisrael
 Another possibility, though unlikely, is that the peace treaty and the 70th Week could end 30 days before the feast of trumpets. If this were the case the peace treaty would be signed 30 days earlier.